Vomiting, also known as emesis medically, is an act where the food is forcibly thrown out of the body through the esophagus and comes out through the mouth. Vomiting is often accompanied with a few gags, contractions in the stomach and retching. Mostly dog throwing up undigested food has all the undigested and solid compounds which the body system isn’t able to digest well. Thus vomiting is common in dogs, especially with the domestic ones, when they chew on foreign bodies, unpleasant items, toxic substances, poisonous food or even trash things.
Status of dog throwing up and persistentvomiting hazards
Dog throwing up food and bile because they aren’t able to digest the daily food consistently is a serious problem! Medically vomiting can have a lot of reasons like stomach infections, drug abuse, gastrointestinal diseases (very common in dogs), liver problems and even neurological problems.
One must pay attention to the time the dog has eaten and the delay in vomiting caused. Throwing up food immediately or a couple of hours is considered normal, but if the delay consists of stretches like 12 hours or more – it needs medical attention. Frequent vomiting can cause complete dehydration, weakness, weight loss, deficiencies, bad body condition, fever and even fainting. Dehydration when not attended can be a life-threatening danger which can be triggered if electrolyte concoctions aren’t provided for. As the dog body loses the electrolyte balance, persistent vomiting can cause tremors, neurological disorders and even faintness.
Judgment if it’s vomiting or nausea; and what is nausea?
It is pretty clear when the dog is vomiting or its plain nausea. In nausea the dog shall behave irritated, weak and show tendencies of throwing up food but it shall not occur. While in vomiting there will be clear dog throwing up of food hours after eating from the mouth. It can be solid food, half chewed food, watery substances or sometimes just foamed food.
Nausea is a feeling when the stomach is full of undigested food and the restlessness of the situation makes the dog uneasy, lose breaths and run around aimlessly. Resting becomes difficult with nausea.
Treatment of dog vomiting in different situations
Dog throwing up undigested food can be a normal ailment of food poisoning or it can be a cause of concern – the judgment depends on how chronic the vomiting is! Understand the situation and take the necessary actions.
Situation 1 – When no need to see the veterinarian
When the dog is frequently vomiting the best way to solve the hunger is to firstly put the dog to a fasting of about 12-16 hours. And after the dog is hungry enough provide him with bland food or easily digestible food in small quanti
ties. This can included plain rice with chicken, puddings, some biscuits and more. Make sure you don’t
provide for fatty food. Include electrolyte water and also try to make them eat slowly. A good walk is also recommended.
Overeating, under-eating, drinking too much and solution
Over-eating is a good cause of vomiting and under-eating is not the solution. The dog’s diet needs to be changed to a much healthy one with considerate amount of food that is beneficial for their nutrition. For this feed them small quantities of food in regular intervals while also letting them drink enough water. Drinking too much, eating too much or walking too much need to be avoided. Make sure that the dog is hydrated well too by giving them the necessary electrolyte solution as dehydration can bring in other health problems as well.
Dogs have parasites in their bodies and solution
When dog have parasites or intestinal worms in their bodies the vomiting will be mostly consisting of degraded food. On checking the teeth, tongue and throat you will find traces of redness and irritation on the skin. To help save your dog from this situation try to give them the doctor recommended parasite medicine and check on their health. Give them clean food, clean their feces, the places they sleep on and most importantly stop feeding them meat. Give your dog proper vegetarian food at this time. You can also provide with fruits and juices to chew on for long time.
Compulsory feeding or dosing and solution
If your dog is just on the regular compulsive feeding food and still vomiting it is important to give their diet a break. Stop feeding him for about 6 -8 hours and let the digestive tract get on track. After the time is over start with feeding them smaller amounts of compulsory feeding and check if the vomiting happens again. Also note that the food you are giving to your dog isn’t proving bad to them. Check for the possible allergies!
Long term consumption of stimulating food and solution
Stimulating food is given as a measure to cure some problems that the dog is facing, and if you have been feeding your dog with stimulating food for too long – it’s time to stop but gradually. Changing the diet suddenly can make the situation worse. Start making a shift from the stimulating food to healthy food that is easily digested.
Dog eating foreign matter and solution
Dogs are prone to keep prying eyes on everything they see and if it smells nice – they might eat them too. Eating foreign matter can be a dangerous thing for your dog. It can choke them, stop the intestine function, affect the motility, interfere in the passage of food and cause difficulty in breathing too. In this case if possible make the dog to vomit by giving them necessary medicines or just making them gag. If situation is worse consult your vet immediately.
Cold cough can cause vomiting and solution
Unlike humans, dogs don’t know how to treat cough or throw them out. Here the dog doesn’t chew food and throws up instantly. So while cough medicines are important to provide to them, stopping the vomiting is necessary too. Make sure you don’t give your dog any food that triggers coughing and also provide for the necessary medicine. You can also give the necessary aphrodisiac to help them combat uneasiness.
Situation 2 – When needed to see the veterinarian
Problems with the esophagus and solution
When your dog is not just vomiting but also frequently swallowing their saliva blankly there are possible chances of esophagus infection. Vomiting being one of the primary symptoms of esophagus infection, the regurgitation of the stomach food will help you understand that indeed the problem needs doctor’s attention. Here the acid reflux would occur and apart from the acidic hiccups the dog will throw up food which will be granular and foamy. Examine your dog thoroughly and if they swallow uncontrollably or their stomach regurgitates – take them to vet immediately. You should make them stand on their legs so that the food shifts to the stomach and vomiting is stopped temporarily.
Acute gastritis and solution
Often eating too spicy or acidic food can cause gastritis to dogs but the situation grows worse when the dogs pick up parasites, poisonous food, infectious things etc. In this situation the gastritis causes stomach inflation, restlessness, heavy breathing and often blood in the vomit. Gastritis can be cured with appropriate medicines but only after getting an approval by your veterinarian. It is important to determine the degree of gastric that is caused and the usage of right medicine. Just stop feeding anything to your dog and take them to the doctor for the earliest treatment.
Gastrointestinal ulcer and solution
Any excess of acid in the stomach or intestine can lead to gastrointestinal ulcer in dogs which can have severe effects on them. In this situation there is dog throwing up food from night before too. If the ulcer is not treated at the right time there are chances of perforation of ulcer which would lead to the septic of peritonitis while also ending up killing the dog. There can be variety of reasons for this like tumor in pancreas, duodenum, excessive working out, chronic gastric, digestive problems, toxic food etc. You need to stop feeding the dog with anything acidic and keep their intake minimal while rushing to the doctor as soon as possible. The possible effects can bring a choke too which would result in death.
Bleeding and solution
If you spot reddish brown coffee like structure in the vomit of your dog – its blood! The possible reason of tracing blood in the vomit could be hormonal imbalance, toxic food, parasites, infections or even cancer. If it happens the matter is serious and needs to be reported to your vet at the earliest. It is important to establish the underlying cause of bleeding inside and give it a thorough treatment as soon as possible. In this emergency all you could do is let the dog rest and eat only healthiest of food.
Persistent vomiting and solution
Persistent vomiting or chronic vomiting can be a serious issue. However you need to establish if it is regurgitation or vomiting. Vomiting would retract the stomach and be caused with force and highly smelling. To control chronic vomiting just make the dog sip on water and avoid food. The dog shall get dehydrated and weak in just a few times hence it is important to rush to the vet and get the treatment done.
Vomit in chunks/granules/semisolid/liquid and solution
Chunky vomit is a mark that the food has not been in the stomach for too long. It indicates an indigestion problem because the pet did not eat properly, ran away too fast or did not move around for a good digestion. The granules or semi-solid on the other hand indicate that they are half digested. They would appear like coffee grounds also indicative of the blood traces in the vomit. While chunky vomit can be a normal thing, the granular or semi-solid traces need your attention and immediate treatment.
Liquid vomiting is often inclusive of dog throwing up foam and food or clear water or sometimes yellowish foul smelling liquid – all of this can occur because of stomach infection, gastritis, infections in liver, stomach or pancreas. The situation needs immediate veterinarian attention.
How to protect our friends to avoid these throwing up situations?
Dog throwing up undigested food can take a serious turn if proper care and attention is not given. Hence to avoid any worse situation it is important to keep watchful eye on the dog and take immediate care of the dog to prevent from further vomits. For this:
Make the dog fast
Stop giving food to the dog for almost 8-10 hours to prevent from further vomits. Once the stomach is calmed and the retraction as stopped you can begin to gradually return to normal.
Take control of food and water around them
Give a thorough check on the food and water that are given to them. Even the scattered food or the unhygienic food can be a cause for a minor or major infection which needs to be removed for further safety.
Give them bland food
After the 10 hours fast start with a bland diet i.e. minced rice with chicken, avoid meat or easy digestive biscuits. Light eating will help the stomach digest better.
Practice slow eating
Make the dog eat slow and better with chewing. This can be done with special dog bowls that don’t allow the dogs to eat fast. Get one!
Take to the vet
If after practicing all of the above the vomiting persists it is time to head to the vet.
For older dog throwing up food dehydration is a major threat with vomiting. You need to provide them with electrolytes meant for the dogs as soon as they vomit for the second time. Feeding them can be tricky as they might just leave eating altogether. You need to calm them down, give light meals with proper eating time and also make them exercise to help aid digestion. Make sure they don’t over-eat or under-eat.
When little puppy dog keeps throwing up food you need to start feeding them in solitary avoiding any competitive feelings. Give them smaller amount of food several times a day and provide for only little amounts of water. You can opt to give them ice-cubes to lick. Give the mild medicine which helps them get soothe and sleep better.